Globalization and its impact on Indian culture. (2023)


Globalization plays a major role worldwide. He has left his mark in all walks of life. Not only in India but the exchange of worldviews and ideas has led to a major change in the lifestyle and living standards of people around the world. Indian culture does not stand in the way of this transformation process. Our deep-rooted traditions and customs have loosened with increasing globalization. India has a rich cultural background and the pride of its culture is famous around the world. Globalization has not only inculcated Westernization in India but, conversely, Indian culture has also spread its effects worldwide. The culture and traditions of each geographic region have a special meaning in terms of their uniqueness, which is the distinguishing factor of a population within a geographic boundary from others. This uniqueness has been disrupted to varying degrees over time by globalization. Such impacts are very pronounced when they hit a developing country like India.


The term "globalization" is self-explanatory. It is an international platform to uphold equality in the way people live around the world. Globalization is the result of the exchange of worldly views, opinions and the different aspects of culture around the world. This is the means to create the international arena to mix people from different sectors, cultures and dialects and learn to move and approach each other socially without hurting and damaging each other's reputation.

Globalization started with masses traveling to other geographic areas for exploration, then interest in traveling and enjoying personal space, then came the era of looking for job opportunities all over the world to compete in the “Survival of the Fittest. With each advancement in the human approach, globalization has begun to leave its footprints everywhere. In modern times, the various means of telecommunications, social media and especially the Internet play a major role in the spread of globalization.

(Video) Indian Society - Globalization - Impact of Globalization on Indian Culture {Part-2}

Globalization has both positive and negative effects worldwide. From environmental challenges caused by climate impact, pollution of air, water, soil, etc. to cybercrime; globalization has an enormous contribution to all the harmful effects of scientific progress. Be it the presentation of economy, trade and work or the country's economic and financial situation, no area lags behind globalization.

indian culture

A country's culture not only reflects the region and the language of the region, but starts with the mindset and mindset of the local citizens. Indian culture is quite rich in heritage and resources and mostly due to the welcoming attitude of its citizens. India is a bouquet of religions, dialects, edibles, traditions, customs, music, arts and architecture etc. gathered in a single entity of patriotism and unity. The common point between all these differences is the Indian mentality of greeting, welcoming and celebrating with immense affection and unity. This is the rich essence of Indian culture that has attracted many foreigners to stay in India and mingle with its everlasting scent.

If we look at this rich culture from the perspective of globalization, we can find many holes of westernization and blending of other characteristics and cultures in our beautifully woven blanket. Let's take a closer look at the impact of globalization on Indian culture:

family structure

(Video) Impact Of globalization On indian Culture

Let's start with the main attraction of Indian shared family culture. Shared families come as an odd surprise to Indians, especially those living in big cities in the small flat culture where nuclear families thrive like mushrooms in the rain. We lose the patience to adapt to the common family, adopt the values ​​of the elders and ensure that the younger ones grow up in the shadow of their grandparents. Children started treating their grandparents as guests or visitors and this upbringing is one of the main reasons for the increase in retirement homes as these children find their parents a burden in adulthood.

marriage values

Similarly, marriages lost their value. This is very evident from the increasing number of cases of divorce and extramarital affairs being reported from time to time. Marriage used to be considered a union of souls that will unite even after death; but today marriage is like a professional bond or a perceived obligation to share life without compromising one's interests. The ego factor of the Indian youth is in turn a product of globalization.


Both sexes have been kept at a distance, with many restrictions and limitations on how we approach age groups in our culture. With the advent of globalization and western culture, young people have started to mix well with each other. The friendly interaction and the sociability pay off noticeably. But the total collapse of restrictions has distorted the Indian mentality and played with the physical relationship. This has led to new relationships in India such as B. Cohabitation Relationships. Furthermore, the increase in rape and sexual abuse cases are the result of the perverted mind, which in turn imports values ​​very foreign to our mother culture.

(Video) Impacts of Globalization on Local Culture

social values

We have built-in values ​​to treat guests like God, to offer a warm welcome, to greet elders with due respect, and to celebrate every small celebration with great joy and togetherness. Such a wide aggregation in full color and light is hard to see today. People have severely restricted themselves in social interaction. Interaction in the current generation is very diplomatic considering the financial situation and wealth. We have lost our social values ​​and the joyful blessings of togetherness. Today's generation prefers to celebrate Valentine's Day over Holi and Diwali.

food, clothing and dialect

Indian food, dress and languages ​​are different in relation to different states. Food varies in taste, but each food has its own nutritional value, and each region is specified and rich in medicinal preparations with home remedies. Even clothing varies in different states, which is very important to maintain a woman's dignity. Though the different cuisines around the world have different flavors, but the food ingredients that have gained a lot of popularity are the junk food items that have increased the health disorders in the country. Again, like men's clothing, the attire is an unsuitable combination for the nature of the Indian climate. Women's clothing is again a form of distraction for perverted minds.

Even Indians are not very much in favor of promoting their mother tongue or our national language. Instead, young people today consider speaking Hindi, their national language, as a shameful condition. The spread of foreign languages ​​such as French, German and Spanish from the school level in India is an example of how much we value Indian languages ​​over foreign languages.

(Video) Globalization and culture

Employment and Agricultural Sector

India was a predominantly agricultural country. With the advance of globalization and the emergence of multinational corporations, agriculture in India has lost its core value. Agricultural science has the least focus among young people, who see farming as a shameful profession and despise it. Employment by multinational companies has lucrative businesses that attract most of the expatriate workforce as customer service representatives. We are losing our health and status and slowly entering the era of economic slavery due to these multinational corporations. This is what globalization has given Indians through its emergence.


In conclusion, we can describe globalization as a slow-spreading risk factor whose severity has gripped almost the entire country. With a certain positivity of having a general knowledge of the culture around the world and the events and incidents around the world, the main negative impacts for our country are quite alarming. Therefore, in the process of globalization, we must be very careful, preserve our nation's pride and preserve our cultural prestige.


What are the impacts of globalization towards culture? ›

Globalization of culture contributes to the exchange of cultural values of different countries, the convergence of traditions. For cultural globalization characterized convergence of business and consumer culture between the different countries of the world and the growth of international communication.

What are the five impact of Globalisation in India? ›

(i) The availability of variety of products enabled the consumers to have greater choice and enjoy the improved quality and lower prices for several products. (ii) This led to a higher standard of living. (iii) Increase in foreign direct investment. (iv) Creation of new jobs in certain industries.

How has globalization affected the life of Indians? ›

<br> (iii) Creation of new opportunities: Globalization has created new opportunities for Indian companies, particularly providing services like IT. <br> (iv) Creation of new jobs: Globalization has created new jobs specifically for IT professionals and has helped in reducing unemployment rate to an extent.

What is the impact of globalization on culture and society? ›

Globalization is associated with rapid and significant human changes. The movements of people from rural to urban areas has accelerated, and the growth of cities in the developing world especially is linked to substandard living for many. Family disruption and social and domestic violence are increasing.

What is the positive impact of globalization on culture? ›

Because of globalization, you can purchase cheaper goods, communicate with individuals from all over the world, and work in just about any country. Importantly, globalization has also opened our eyes to various cultures, which has increased people's understanding of one another.

What are the three impacts of Globalisation in India? ›

Globalisation resulted in the following: Greater access to global markets. Advanced technology.
Important Topics in Economics:
  • Agricultural Sector during the Independence.
  • Demographic Condition in Colonial India.
  • Foreign Trade during Colonial Rule.

What are the impacts of globalization? ›

Globalization creates greater opportunities for firms in less industrialized countries to tap into more and larger markets around the world. Thus, businesses located in developing countries have more access to capital flows, technology, human capital, cheaper imports, and larger export markets.

What is the positive impact of Globalisation in India? ›

The Indian economy and the standard of living of an individual has increased. Many cities are undergoing a better standard of living along with business development and improving the class of their lifestyle.

What are the 4 Impact of globalization? ›

Increased greenhouse gas emissions, ocean acidification, deforestation (and other forms of habitat loss or destruction), climate change, and the introduction of invasive species all work to reduce biodiversity around the globe.

What is the best impact of globalization? ›

Globalization allows companies to find lower-cost ways to produce their products. It also increases global competition, which drives prices down and creates a larger variety of choices for consumers. Lowered costs help people in both developing and already-developed countries live better on less money.

What is the negative impact of Globalisation in India? ›

The negative Effects of Globalization on Indian Industry are that with the coming of technology the number of labor required decreased and this resulted in many people being removed from their jobs. This happened mainly in the pharmaceutical, chemical, manufacturing, and cement industries.

What are the 5 impacts of globalization? ›

Globalization has brought benefits in developed countries as well as negative effects. The positive effects include a number of factors which are education, trade, technology, competition, investments and capital flows, employment, culture and organization structure.

How has globalization affected culture and identity? ›

Globalization also influences our cultural identity and affinity groups. Technology allows us to eliminate communication boundaries and interact with each other on a global scale. Globalization lends itself to cultural homogenization that is the world becoming culturally similar (Back et al.

Does globalization affect culture positively or negatively? ›

Globalization of culture can lead to a disassociation of one's own culture. For example, Middle Eastern countries like Syria, Lebanon, and Jordan suffer from this disassociation as customs and traditions have been changed. Aspects of their culture like fashion and attire has now been changed.

What are examples of cultural globalization? ›

Good examples of cultural globalization are, for instance, the trading of commodities such as coffee or avocados. Coffee is said to be originally from Ethiopia and consumed in the Arabid region. Nonetheless, due to commercial trades after the 11th century, it is nowadays known as a globally consumed commodity.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of globalization in culture? ›

Table Summary: Pros and Cons of Cultural Globalization
Pros of Cultural GlobalizationCons of Cultural Globalization
1. Standardization of time and space1. Erosion of Local Cultures
2. Catalyst for Positive Social Change2. Widening of Inequalities
3. Economic Growth3. Clash of Civilizations
1 more row
10 Nov 2021

What is the negative impact of globalization in culture? ›

Some critics refer to it as the "McDonaldization" of culture because of global advertising campaigns that undermine cultural diversity. Insinuating Western culture on other societies diminishes global economic development and hampers the expression of individual cultural identity.

What are the impacts benefits and disadvantages of globalization in India? ›

The Advantages and Disadvantages of Globalization
  • Access to New Markets. ...
  • Spread of Knowledge and Technology. ...
  • Enhanced Global Cooperation and Tolerance. ...
  • Promotes Economic Growth. ...
  • Increased Competition. ...
  • Exploitation of Labor and Resources. ...
  • Imbalanced Trade. ...
  • Domestic Job Loss.
25 Jul 2022

What are the main impact of globalisation on Indian economy? ›

It is defined as the integration of global economies through the movement of goods and services, cross-border trade, and so on. Following globalisation, the Indian economy expanded by increasing foreign currency, creating new jobs, decreasing the rate of unemployment, and so on.

What are the three impact of globalisation? ›

Impact of globalization on the Indian economy

Technology and communication. Corporate world. Social and cultural expansion.

What are the 3 types of globalization? ›

Economic globalization also affects cultural globalization through the import of goods and services that expose people to other cultures.
There are three types of globalization.
  • Economic globalization. ...
  • Political globalization. ...
  • Cultural globalization.

What is India's role in globalization? ›

India is a founding-member of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) since 1947 and its successor, the World Trade Organization. While participating actively in its general council meetings, India has been crucial in voicing the concerns of the developing world.

How has globalisation affected the life of people? ›

Globalisation has led to the development of common lifestyles and consumer habits. Cultural globalisation also impacts on media coverage, bringing human tragedies to our urgent attention and mobilising the conscience of the world in the light of massive population flows.

How has globalization changed the nature of Indian state? ›

Globalization has changed the role of the state politically because of strengthened interstate relationships and dependence on one another. States were created to be sovereign but now, due to globalization, often give their sovereignty away to 'pooling' in conventions, contracting, coercion and imposition.

How has globalization affected the life of Indians in positive way Write 2 points? ›

Consumers now enjoy improved quality and lower prices for several products. 2. Due to globalisation many MNCs have increased their investments in India. This means thousands of people are getting highly paid jobs and, enjoy much higher standards of living than was possible earlier.

How globalization affects people's way of life? ›

In general, globalization decreases the cost of manufacturing. This means that companies can offer goods at a lower price to consumers. The average cost of goods is a key aspect that contributes to increases in the standard of living. Consumers also have access to a wider variety of goods.


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