Human Resources (HR) is an important part of many organizations, regardless of size or industry. Human resources serves as the link between the organization and its employees, ensuring that both are positioned for success. HR managers oversee, design and implement all processes within the HR department, from payroll to onboarding.
Within the broad area of human resource management (HRM) is human resources development (HRD). HRD primarily cares about the personal and professional growth of each employee and tries to align their development with the goals of an organization. While HRM and HRD have a lot in common, they also have slightly different goals. In this guide, we'll delve deeper into these goals and highlight the differences between the two disciplines.
Table of Contents:
- human resources management
- What is the goal of HRM?
- What are human resource managers and what do they do?
- Requirements to become a human resources manager
- human resource development
- What is the goal of HRD?
- What are human resource developers and what do they do?
- Prerequisites for entry into personnel development
- Main differences and similarities
human resources management
On the surface, human resources management may seem simple as it simply involves monitoring the employees within an organization. On closer inspection, it often encompasses a range of responsibilities related to an organisation's mission and culture, which means your duties and responsibilities as a human resources manager may vary depending on the employer and work environment.
Usually,Human resources management is defined as the creation of systems that organize people within an organization.– such as staffing, compensation, benefits and job definition or design. For HR managers, employees are one of an organization's most valuable assets. Therefore, the job of a human resources manager is to nurture talent and foster individual and collective success, while maximizing profit and achieving company-wide goals.
Human resource management may be suitable for those interested in working at the intersection of business and people. But that is not the only factor that could motivate someone to choose this profession. For some, job prospects and earning potential matter. According to the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS)Job opportunities for HR managers are projected to increase by 9% between 2020 and 2030. While salary varies by location, level of experience, and a variety of other factors, the BLS reports that theThe median annual salary for HR managers in 2021 was $126,230.
Later in this guide, we'll outline the day-to-day duties and responsibilities of a hiring manager, along with some general steps you can take to become one.
What is the goal of HRM?
HRM strives to build, maintain and improve the relationship between an organization and its employees in order to retain and develop their talent. This is especially relevant today becauseDiversity and inclusion issues are at the forefront of conversations in the workplace.. Another goal of HRM is to build career paths for people and solve problems that arise within an organization, from compliance to leadership.
What are human resource managers and what do they do?
Human resource managers oversee a variety of duties, includingRecruit and onboard employees, develop talent and ensure the organization complies with employment-related legal obligations. They often assist other company leaders with employment-related concerns and help resolve disputes that arise between employees. These professionals also work with an organization's leaders to implement effective strategies for managing employees and helping them grow professionally.
While some organizations may only have one HR manager, others may appoint multiple managers to oversee specific areas within the department. Management roles within HR can have different titles, including Employee Relations Manager, Payroll Manager, and Recruiting Manager.
For more information, see our article on the7 Human Resources functions.
Requirements to become a human resources manager
curious abouthow to become a personal manager? Many HR professionals begin their journey with a bachelor's degree in human resources, but some discover the field after a career in another industry or a degree in a related discipline.If you start your career with a bachelor's degree, you can start as a human resources specialist.and, after a few years of experience, rise to a managerial position. However, some organizations prefer that you have a college degree before becoming a manager. An advanced education can make you more attractive to employers when looking for a job, but it's not the only way to gain the knowledge and skills needed to perform such roles.
Graduate programs such as a Master of Human Resource Management (MHRM) or a Master of Business Administration (MBA) with a concentration in Human Resources can further prepare you to assume a leadership role in the field. While MHRM programs typically emphasize HR ethics, MBA programs typically examine the business side of HRM and may better position you for a leadership role within a company, a distinction to keep in mind when considering programs.
Thanks to the variousOnline-Master in Human Resources-Programmenavailable, you can earn an MHRM or an MBA while continuing to work full-time. Online and part-time programs can offer flexibility so you don't have to compromise your career or financial stability to continue your education. While not required, some hiring managers seek professional certification through theSociety for Personnel Management (SHRM). SHRM offers associate, bachelor's, and master's level certifications.
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human resource development
Human Resource Development (HRD) is defined as the development of an organization's employees. It's about providing workers with relevant skills and knowledge that can help them grow in the workplace. This makes personnel development an integral part of personnel management.
HRD starts with a clear vision for employee development and is most often achieved through company-wide activities and training. Typically, the HRD team is tasked with developing these initiatives to position employees for career advancement and other related goals.
Roles such as instructional coordinator, training specialist and program developer may involve aspects of staff development. According to BLS data from May 2021,Teaching coordinators earn an average salary of $63,740 per yearand are designed to aaverage growth rate of 10% between 2020 and 2030.
Training and Development Specialists earned an average salary of $61,570 in 2021, based on BLS data as of May 2021. On averageEducation and training managerMake more money with an average salary of $120,130 per year.
What is the goal of HRD?
HRD aims to improve learning and performance at both an individual and organizational level. This can include promoting the personal goals of employees and the overall goals of the organization so that both can benefit from the relationship. HRD also identifies problems in these areas and helps develop systems to address them.
What are human resource developers and what do they do?
In some organizations, HR developers are key members of the HR team and oversee a variety of areas within an organization's HR function, including training, people development, leadership and leadership development, human performance technology, and organizational learning. On any given day, your responsibilities may include creating training programs, designing systems to attract and retain talent, and planning organizational development activities that may take the form of workshops and more.
A people development experience can prepare you for specialized training, instruction design, program development and general human resources positions. For example,Training and development specialists are responsible for the design of manuals, e-learning modules and course materials for embedded employees.. They can also assess employee needs through surveys or help evaluate training programs. Likewise, training and development managers deal with the training objectives at the macro level of an organization. What canoversee specialists and oversee training programs, staff and budgets.
Prerequisites for entry into personnel development
If you are interested in a career in human resources, a bachelor's degree is an option, as is a career in human resources development. There are courses specifically designed for this area, such as a bachelor's or master's degree in human resources development, but you can still apply for certain positions with a degree in a related field. A Masters in HRD usually covers the same area as a Masters in Human Resources, but a Masters in HRD can devote more time to the development and training aspect.
A combination of a bachelor's degree in business administration and a master's degree in human resources, or vice versa, could give you a foundation in both fields if you decide to branch out into one field or specialty. A career in human resources doesn’t always require a master’s degree, but it doescan help you be more competitive for certain roles.
Main differences and similarities
Some people consider people development to be a part of people management. That being said, they have two different goals and usually come with different responsibilities. Human development is primarily concerned with empowering employees and aligning their personal development goals with the broader goals of the organization or business. Human resource management has a broader focus on labor relations, compensation, benefits and compliance. HR managers also work on issues such as diversity and inclusion.
A professional with HRM experience could end up as a general manager of human resources, or a specialist in an area like benefits, payroll, or recruiting. In the meantime, HRD professionals may be better suited for positions as training and development specialists and managers, instructional designers, or program developers.
Although these two areas are different, there are a number of similarities between them. For example, both involve problem solving. HR managers can be called upon to resolve conflicts in an organization as they arise, and these often require thoughtful and creative solutions. Similarly, human resources developers can be tasked with designing new training methods and systems, which involves a similar problem-solving exercise. Because both roles involve working with people, interpersonal skills can prove helpful in developing and managing healthy relationships between employees and an organization.
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Information last updated: May 2022
Human resource development is primarily concerned with training employees and aligning their personal development goals with the broader goals of the organization or business. Human resource management has a broader focus on labor relations, compensation, benefits and compliance.Which is best HRM or HRD? ›
“The main difference between HR management and HR development is that HRM is focused on managing the current workforce, while HRD is focused on developing the future workforce,” explained Patterson. There are also significant differences in the responsibilities for each type of role.Is HRD or HRM same? ›
Human resource development can be viewed as an aspect or subset of HRM, except with much greater emphasis on training and development. The primary objective of HRD is to enhance an organization's capabilities in relation to present and future demands.What is the difference between human resource development and human development? ›
Human Development. Historically, people have used “human resources” to relate to what individuals can contribute to an organization, but the trend is towards the use of “human development” to refer to all human resources activities.How is HRD and HRM related? ›
HRM is maintenance-oriented and focused on administrative tasks like payroll and managing employee files, while HRD is learning-oriented and focused on improving employee performance. HRM aims to improve employee efficiency, while HRD is about developing the employees for the benefit of the organization as a whole.What is the importance of human resource management and development? ›
HRM plays a strategic role in managing people and the workplace culture and environment. If effective, it can contribute greatly to the overall company direction and the accomplishment of its goals and objectives.Which HR field is best? ›
- HR assistant. This is the entry-level position to start a career in this field. ...
- Training and development specialist. ...
- Senior recruiter. ...
- HR manager. ...
- Labor relations specialist. ...
- Compensation and benefits manager. ...
- Vice president of HR.
- HRCI Certification. ...
- SHRM Certification. ...
- George Brown College. ...
- Certificate in Human Resources Management. ...
- Human Resources Certificate Program. ...
- Human Resource Management. ...
- Human Capital Institute. ...
- Chartered Institute of Personnel and Development.
Maybe you already have a great HR job, but you're looking for a promotion to a senior or management role. HR certification is one way to prove you have the knowledge and skills to move up in your career, and can increase your chances of getting a promotion by 29 percent.Is HRM a part of HRD? ›
HRD is a subsystem of HRM and draws many functions, attributes, and processes from HRM. HRM deals with and has concerns for people only. It handles recruitment, rewards, etc. HRD is concerned with the development of all aspects and people within an organization and manages its skill development processes.
Human capital management: a new name for HRM? consideration. management; SHRM; human resource management; HRM.What do HRM and HRD stand for? ›
Human Resource Management refers to the application of principles of management to manage the people working in the organization. Human Resource Development means a continuous development function that intends to improve the performance of people working in the organization.What is the difference between resources and development? ›
Difference between potential and developed resources.
|Potential resources||Developed resources|
|As potential resources are the resources that are present in a specific area and can be used in the future.||Developed resources are all those served and defined for their quality and quantity.|
Human resource development includes training a person after he or she is first hired, providing opportunities to learn new skills, distributing resources that are beneficial for the employee's tasks, and any other developmental activities.What do you mean by development in HRM? ›
Development refers to the overall growth of the employees. These are learning opportunities which are designed for employees to grow. These include not only those activities which help to improve employees' performance, but also help in employees' growth.What are the benefits of human resource development? ›
Human resource development refers to an assortment of training programs that help people adjust to their new roles and learn more about the organization and its culture. A protocol for HRD teaches employees skills they may need for their jobs and grants them access to resources that can help them succeed.What is the most important component of human resource development? ›
Serve Core HR Functions
The most basic component of a HRMS serves the core HR needs – such as payroll, benefits and workforce management – made up of activities and processes for managing large numbers of hourly employees. It can involve programs that handle tasks such as: Scheduling shifts.
- Strategic talent sourcing and acquisition. ...
- Education-oriented employee benefits. ...
- Performance measurement and management. ...
- Formal learning and development programs. ...
- Internal mobility and succession planning.
Industries Believes that if others can perform HR Activities that why they need to hire Specialized people this leads to HR people to work in less paid job. Now a day it becomes trend of hiring HR in less paid salary as it is function which can be performed by anyone. So why pay high if the same available at very low.What are the 4 types of HR? ›
- Human Resources Assistant.
- Employment Specialist.
- Human Resources Generalist.
- Human Resources Manager.
- Human Resources Coordinator.
- Recruitment Manager.
- Labor Relations Specialist.
- Employee Relations Manager.
It can be difficult, but hard work can beat all the odds. It's an exciting course, with so much to learn and so much to experience.What is the highest salary in HR? ›
|Rank||Job Title||Median Pay|
|1||Professional Development Manager III||$308,000|
|2||Human Resources Business Partner Manager III||$223,000|
|4||Compensation Manager III||$203,000|
HR Generalist Certification, aPHR Certificate, and PHR are the easiest as knowledge gained through these courses are comprehensive and applicable.Is an HR certificate enough? ›
Experts say that yes, you can. “There is no barrier to entry to work in HR,” says Matt Stollak, SPHR, Associate Professor of Business Administration at St. Norbert College. On-the-job experience, online learning and certifications are all credible sources of HR knowledge.Do HR certificates expire? ›
SHRM credential holders are required to recertify every three years and are provided with two options to do so: by earning PDCs (60 per 3-year cycle); or by retaking the exam.How hard is the HR certification exam? ›
The exam is very challenging, but you can pass if you understand the concepts that you'll be tested on, practice your test taking skills and study consistently. Is the SPHR exam hard? According to the most recent HRCI study, released in January 2019, the pass rate for the SPHR is 57%.How would you differentiate between HRD and HRM and also explain with example? ›
HRM deals with and has concerns for people only. It handles recruitment, rewards, etc. HRD is concerned with the development of all aspects and people within an organization and manages its skill development processes. HRM functions are generally formal and are applied via classroom/laboratory training, etc.What is the difference between human resource management HRM and strategic human resource management SHRM? ›
The key difference is having a competitive advantage. Some may characterize HRM as HR teams keeping pace with an organization, whereas SHRM means strategically setting the pace of an organization through alignment with long-term goals.What do you mean by human resource management differentiate between personnel management human resource management and strategic human resource management? ›
Human resource management (HRM) implies the governance of manpower of the organization in a thorough and structured manner. SHRM is a managerial function which implies framing of HR strategies in such a way to direct employees efforts towards the goals of organization. It exhibits leniency.What is HRD in simple words? ›
HRD is "the process of increasing the knowledge, the skills, and the capacities of all the people in a society. In economic terms, it could be described as the accumulation of human capital and its effective investment in the development of an economy.
- Individual: Assisting staff with developing within your business. ...
- Hard HRM: The focus here is to identify workforce needs so you can recruit and manage as you need to (including hiring staff, or making others redundant).
Personnel management focuses on the maintenance of all personnel and administrative systems, whereas human resource management has a more strategic approach, forecasting the organisation's needs and continuously monitoring and adjusting all systems.What are the two definitions of HRM? ›
Human resource management is a systematic process of managing people working in the organization. Human resource management is a managerial process of acquiring and engaging the required workforce, appropriate for the job and concerned with developing, maintenance and utilization of work force.Which of the following are the development function of HRM? ›
Some of the primary functions of HRM include job design and job analysis, recruitment/ hiring and selection, training and development, compensation and benefits, performance management, managerial relations and labour relations.What is difference between training and development? ›
Training refers to the process of increasing the knowledge, skills and abilities of employees for doing a work. Development refers to the overall growth of the employees. These are learning opportunities which are designed for employees to grow. Its main aim is to help the employee to do the job better.What are the roles of human resource management in the organization and differentiate each? ›
Human Resources manages 5 main duties: talent management, compensation and employee benefits, training and development, compliance, and workplace safety. An HR department can help provide organizational structure and the ability to meet business needs by effectively managing the employee lifecycle.