Neoclassicism vs Romanticism (2023)

The difference between neoclassicism and romanticism

Neoclassicism and Romanticism are often seen as reactionary movements that emerged in different historical eras.The main difference between Neoclassicism and Romanticism is that Neoclassicism focuses on objectivity, reason and intellect. While romance emphasizes human creativity, nature and emotions or feelings.

The Romantic movement influenced various themes, styles and subjects.Neoclassicism respects the antique style of the Greek and Roman periods of art.

Which isromance in writing?

The romance in writing often focuses on an individual and the creative aspect of the character, in contrast to current social norms.

Table Neoclassicism Vs Romanticism

Neoclassicism vs Romanticism (1)

What is Neoclassicism?

Neoclassicism is a movement that drew inspiration from the classical Greco-Roman era. Scholars of the time tried to imitate the style of the Greeks and Romans.neoclassicism it was a response to the Renaissance that took place between 1660 and 1798.

Neoclassical Authors

  • John Milton
  • Alexandre Pope
  • Voltaire
  • John Dryden
  • Jonathan Swift
  • Daniel Defoe

Neoclassicism drew on traditional threads: structure, rationality, and objectivity were the main highlights of neoclassical writing. These were old themes that neoclassical writers cherished and sought to imitate.

This Neoclassicism movement can be divided into three periods:

  • The Age of Restoration(1660 to 1700): This period marks the reestablishment of the British king's position of authority.
  • Bei Era Augusta(1700 to 1750): The Augustans accepted that their time was like that of Augustus Caesar in Rome, that it was a time of refinement and purity.
  • A de Jonhson era(1750 to 1798): Also known as the Transitional Period, this period was marked by the emerging Romantic beliefs that made neoclassical standards more sentimental.

Neoclassical school

The School of David - The Art School of Athens

The painting was painted byRaphael, Italian Renaissance artist. nonethelessIt was created in the aneoclassical style.

The popularity of neoclassical art rose with the extraordinary painting of the Oath of the Horatii by David, shown at the Paris Salon in 1785.

Eid of Horatio von Jacques-Louis David

The painting caused a phenomenal reaction in the art world. David was declared a neoclassical artist who accurately depicted the characteristics of the neoclassical style in his paintings. David is among the most important painters who contributed to the development and promotion of the neoclassical style. Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres was another Neoclassical painter who painted symbolic historical scenes and was one of David's apprentices. Some of his works that incorporate the neoclassical style are: Virgil Reading Augustus (1812) and Oedipus and the Sphinx (1864). Both David and Ingres used symbolism and fables in their neoclassical paintings in the 18th century.

(Video) Difference between Neoclassicism & Romanticism

While some prominent art schools such as the Académie Française have banned womenNeoclassical style.Accepting that women were talented enough to learn the style, David invited several women to be his understudy. Among the best were Marie-Guillemine Benoist, who eventually received commissions from the Bonaparte family; and Angélique Mongez, who gained worldwide recognition for her neoclassical style, especially inRussia.

Artists of Neoclassicism

  • Marie-Guillemine Benoist
  • Angelique Mongez

Did neoclassicism influence romanticism?

No, the French Revolution influenced Romanticism. Romanticism was a rebellious movement against the social and political standards of the Enlightenment.

Romanticism legitimized the creative spirit of the individual as the basis of power. And it gave artists the opportunity to use Greco-Roman structural ideas in their creativity.

Characteristics of neoclassicism

As previously mentioned, features of Neoclassicism embody a focus on Greek and Roman folklore, historical themes, andbrave heroes.The influence of neoclassicism can be seen in paintings, sculptures and writings. Neoclassical art: characterized by clean, purposeful lines, solid concrete structures and rationality.

neoclassical artists

  • Jacques-Louis David
  • Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres
  • Antonio Canova
  • William-Adolphe Bouguereau

Jacques-Louis David

Neoclassicism vs Romanticism (5)

The art of Jacques-Louis David thrived in France in the late 18th and mid-19th centuries. David's art was a kind of response to Rococo ornamental and floral art. David was inspired by European historical figures and leaders. Like the execution of King Louis XVI. during the French Revolution and the fall of Napoleon's government.

Painting by Jacques Louis David

Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres

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Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres was a French painter who championed Neoclassicism at a time when Romantic painters such as Eugène Delacroix were emerging. He transferred compositions with exact forms. Jupiter and Thetis (1811) is a classic painting by Ingres; and shows Ingres' eagerness to deform the human figure and depict the structure and organization represented by neoclassicism.

Antonio Canova

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(Video) Neoclassicism and Romanticism

Antonio Canova was an Italian neoclassical sculptor known for his marble figures. Often regarded as one of the finest neoclassical artists, his style was revived by the Baroque movement.

William-Adolphe Bouguereau

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William Adolphe Bouguereau was a French painter best known for his pragmatic portraits of human figures in a neoclassical setting. Bouguereau studied at the École des Beaux-Arts. He strove to influence Renaissance painters like Titian, receiving the prestigious Prix de Rome in 1850.Bouguereau's life-size oil paintings with imaginative depictions were deeply expressive. With defined brushstrokes and a distinctive tonal style, his Neoclassical art was at odds with its peers, the French Impressionists.

Painting by Adolphe William Bouguereau

What is romance?

Romanticism is an abstract movement that began around 1789. Key elements of this movement are the emphasis on the creative spirit, subjectivity, inspiration and human emotions.the romantic movementdrew inspiration from the Middle Ages and the Baroque and mainly focused on nature, life and love.

William Wordsworth who is aEnglish romantic poetdescribes this 'accentuation of the creative mind':

“It is more to lead the horse of the muse than to stimulate it;
Hold back your anger as provoke your speed;
The winged steed, like a bounty horse,
It shows true courage when you review your course.”

Meet some of the celebrated scholars of the Romantic movement.

romantic writers

  • William Wordsworth
  • John Keats
  • Lord Byron
  • Samuel Taylor Coleridge
  • Walter Scott
  • Percy Bysshe Shelley
  • Maria Shelly
  • William Blake

English Sturm und Drang movement

Romanticism was driven by the German Sturm und Drang(Sturm und Drang), which placed instinct and emotion above realism.It's Proto RRomanticism began in Germany and paved the way for Romanticism. the ffocused on writing, music and human visual expression. The movement emphasized a unique subjectivity. Sturm und Drang in visual expression can be found in sketches of storms and shipwrecks that demonstrate a reality shaped by nature.

Romantic artists

  • William Blake
  • Francisco Goja
  • Eugène Delacroix
  • Caspar David Friedrich

William Blake

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(Video) What Is the Difference between Neoclassicism and Romanticism

Who is William Blake?

William Blake was a writer, painter, graphic artist and visionary. He tried to bring about a change within the social class hierarchy and in the psyche of men.Throughout his life, most of his work was disregarded or rejected. Today, however, he is considered one of the leading writers of English poetry and art.Blake lived and worked in the teeming city of London during a time of incredible social and political change that significantly influenced his songwriting. His visual art is deeply respected around the world today.

Francisco Goja

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Francisco Goya was a Spanish painter and printmaker. He is considered the most important Spanish artist of the late 18th and mid-19th centuries. He was very devoted to his art, Goya is often mentioned as an old master painter and one of the first modern artists. He was also an exceptional portrait painter.

(Video) Are You Romantic or Classical?

Painting by Francisco Goya

Eugène Delacroix

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Eugène Delacroix was one of the most important painters of French Romanticism.Delacroix was a lithographer who sketched and illustrated various works by William Shakespeare, Scottish essayist Sir Walter Scott and German author Johann Wolfgang von Goethe.Delacroix was motivated by the art of Rubens and various painters of the Venetian Renaissance. Delacroix's use of expressive brushwork and his study of light in painting; and how this affected shading influenced the Impressionist movement.

Painting by Eugène Delacroix

Caspar David Friedrich

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Caspar David Friedrich was aDeutschStage painter and draftsman of the 19th century.Friedrich is best known for his symbolic scenes, which highlight pensive figures silhouetted against the night sky, morning mist, trees, and Gothic remains.His main inspiration as an artist came from nature.

Painting by Caspar David Friedrich [German Romantic Landscape]

The difference between neoclassicism and romanticism

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(Video) Classicism, Neo-classicism, Romanticism, their history & Difference


What is difference between Neoclassicism and romanticism? ›

Neoclassicism and romanticism are often considered to be opposing movements. The main difference between neoclassicism and romanticism is that neoclassicism emphasized on objectivity, order, and restraint whereas romanticism emphasized on imagination and emotion.

What can you say about the Neoclassicism and romanticism? ›

The principle distinction between neoclassicism and romanticism is that neoclassicism focuses on objectivity, reason, and Intellect. While romanticism stresses on human creativity, nature, and emotions or feelings. The romanticism movement has influenced various topics, styles, and themes.

What are the similarities and differences of Arts of neoclassical and romantic period? ›

Neoclassical and Romantic Art are often confused, though they are not the same. While Neoclassical Art is more unemotional and political, Romantic Art focuses mainly on the natural and mysterious aspects of life.

What characteristics did neoclassicism and romanticism share? ›

The most important similarity is that they were all antagonistic interpretations of what art should be about; Neoclassicism about harmony, order and idealized form, Romanticism about individuality and emotion, Realism about society and the concrete realities of people's lives.

What can you say about Neoclassicism period? ›

Neoclassical art, also called Neoclassicism and Classicism, a widespread and influential movement in painting and the other visual arts that began in the 1760s, reached its height in the 1780s and '90s, and lasted until the 1840s and '50s.

In what way do the Neoclassicism and Romanticism influence the arts in the Philippines? ›

Here in the Philippines, the ideology of Neoclassicism and Romanticism can be seen through various major artworks such as paintings, sculptures, and architectures. Some of the well-known contributing artist express their skills and ideas in their own respective field of specialization.

How would you describe Romanticism? ›

Among the characteristic attitudes of Romanticism were the following: a deepened appreciation of the beauties of nature; a general exaltation of emotion over reason and of the senses over intellect; a turning in upon the self and a heightened examination of human personality and its moods and mental potentialities; a ...

What is the significance of nature meaning in neoclassical and romantic criticism? ›

Going to discover nature, in fact, means going to discover humans, nature for romantic was a source of inspiration, a symbol of truth and unadulterated reality. The romantic writes gave important to emotion, imagination and self experience. The poetry expressed personal feelings of the poet as it is spontaneous.

What is neoclassicism summary? ›

Neoclassicism (also spelled Neo-classicism) was a Western cultural movement in the decorative and visual arts, literature, theatre, music, and architecture that drew inspiration from the art and culture of classical antiquity.

What was the main idea of neoclassicism? ›

The primary Neoclassicist belief was that art should express the ideal virtues in life and could improve the viewer by imparting a moralizing message.

What neoclassicism is known for? ›

Neoclassicism is characterized by clarity of form, sober colors, shallow space, strong horizontal and verticals that render that subject matter timeless (instead of temporal as in the dynamic Baroque works), and classical subject matter (or classicizing contemporary subject matter).

What are the inspirations used in neoclassicism and romanticism? ›

Values:Order, solemnity.Intuition, emotion, imagination.
Inspiration:Classical Rome, patriotism, courage, honor.Medieval and Baroque eras, Middle and Far East.
Tone:Calm, rational.Subjective, spontaneous, non-conformist.
Subjects:Greek and Roman history.Legends, exotica, nature, violence.
4 more rows

What was romanticism very short answer? ›

Romanticism is the artistic movement of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries which was concerned with the expression of the individual's feelings and emotions.

What was romanticism in simple word? ›

: a literary, artistic, and philosophical movement originating in the 18th century, characterized chiefly by a reaction against neoclassicism and an emphasis on the imagination and emotions, and marked especially in English literature by sensibility and the use of autobiographical material, an exaltation of the ...

What defines romanticism art? ›

Term in use by the early nineteenth century to describe the movement in art and literature distinguished by a new interest in human psychology, expression of personal feeling and interest in the natural world.


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